Interlocking Brick Making Machine

Interlocking Brick Making Machine

Name : Umesh Chandra Sarma

District & State :  Lakhimpur, Assam

Category : Engineering

Award :   State

Award Function :   8th National Grassroots Innovation Awards

Award Year : 2015

Price :   1) Model 1: Rs. 2 lacs, 2) Model 2: Rs. 2.5 lacs, 3) Model 3: Rs. 3 lacs

Umesh Chandra (55), an innovator entrepreneur from North Lakhimpur, has developed interlocking bricks and a machine to make the bricks. These bricks facilitate faster and cheaper construction due to the interlocking design, which further reduces consumption of mortar and requirement of skilled labors.


Umesh is one such person whose strong will to own a home despite financial constraints led him to first develop a new kind of interlocking bricks and then a machine for making those bricks. Only class tenth pass, Umesh makes his living by selling stone chips, construction sand, cement etc. Now a considerable part of his total earning comes from selling his innovative product. In his family he has his wife and two sons, who are school students.


To fulfill the aspirations of his family, Umesh decided to build a pucca house. As the work progressed he had to face a lot of difficulties in dealing with the masons. Hiring them was not only expensive but also very erratic as they often went out to look for better paying work even while engaged here. After having a bitter experience of dealing with masons, he started thinking of a way to make brick construction without the help of masons.

After a long trial and error process, he developed different designs of interlocking bricks and then zeroed down on a particular design. The utility of the interlocking bricks is that it facilitates construction even by unskilled labor, reduces consumption of mortar, labor and construction time. Umesh developed interlocking bricks using concrete, cement and sand mixed with water. The interlocking was achieved by projections and depressions in the blocks on the upper and lower faces of the brick. To produce a few bricks was easy but to make thousands of them to build a house was difficult hence he looked around for various kinds of machines available. As per day production of interlocking bricks by manual production method was limited, the supply was also inadequate. This limitation inspired the innovator to develop a machine for making interlocking bricks so that efficiency of production increases.

Interlocking Brick Making Machine

The interlocking brick making machine consists of a brick forming mould and a vibration unit mounted on a chassis. The machine can make 44 bricks at a time in a cycle of 20 minutes. Not requiring a hydraulic press, this machine can make normal bricks as well by simply changing the mould. Occupying about 50 cubic feet (4”x5”x2.5”) of space, this machine is a compact unit and weighs about 600 kg. The interlocking brick produced has the same dimension as that of normal brick (2.5” * 4” * 9”).

The machines available in the market are electricity operated and have a cycle of 19 seconds producing 4-8 bricks. These machines cost upward of Rs. 10, 00, 000 while the one of Umesh is less than one – fourth the price. He has made a couple of such machines and sold one of them. He is presently working to reduce the cycle time to improve the per day output.

The use of interlocking bricks has a lot of advantages. Unlike in other brick constructions, there is no bonding of the bricks using mortars except at the base and top of the wall constructed. After reaching the desired height of a wall, a lintel is placed on top of the wall. This not only strengthens the wall but also prevents any possible lateral movement of the interlocked bricks. These self-aligning interlocking bricks enable automated speedy construction, substantial reduction in the consumption of mortar during construction and a huge reduction in labor cost.

Umesh has constructed his house and also his neighbor’s compound wall using the interlocking bricks. The innovator has also received enquiries from the district administration for making rural roads using the interlocking bricks. Beside this NIF has also received interests for setting up an interlocking brick making units in rural areas.

  • Overall dimension: 4 ft x 5 ft x 2.5 ft
  • Weight: 600 kg
  • The brick-making machine which can make 44 bricks at a time in cycle of 20 minutes
  • The interlocking brick produced has the same dimension as that of normal brick (2.5 inches x 4 inches x 9 inches)

  • Can make interlocking bricks as well as normal bricks by changing the moulds
  • Does not require hydraulic press
  • Manual process was tedious and time consuming. This machine has reduced time
  • It is electricity operated and Cycle time is more
  • It is useful for making normal bricks along with inter-locking bricks by changing the moulds
  • It consumes less electricity as compared to other alternatives
  • As women are mostly employed in brick making sector, this machine can generate more employment for women