Note: The traditional knowledge examples given below are just an indicative/illustrative sample. Herbal practices similar to the ones given below may also have been received from other people from same/ different parts of the country.

Uses from NIF Database
Oozing from ear

Few drops (3-4) of warmed juice of leaves is put in the ear- Susanta Kumar Manjhi, Birbhum, West Bengal

Ear pain

Leaves are boiled in mustard oil, oil is then filtered and used as an ear drop- Bhagat Ram, Kangra, Himachal Pradesh


A spoonful of the juice extracted from the leaves is taken orally everyday- Arun Ghosh, Bankura, West Bengal


Equal amounts of leaves of vitex, neem and Catharanthus roseus (L.) Don. are ground and tablets (5g) prepared from the powder. Two tablets are administered orally in the morning on an empty stomach- Susanta Kumar Manjhi, Birbhum, West Bengal


Lukewarm leaves are put on aching joints- Naganath Durga Chogule, Sholapur, Maharashtra

Muscular pain

Leaves are smeared with mustard oil, lukewarmed and applied on the affected part- Savita Kumari, Gopalganj, Bihar

Skin disease

Small pieces of plant, mixed with cow's urine, are applied on the affected skin

Uses described in Literature

Leaf smoke is inhaled to get rid of cough14; in case of diarrhoea flowers are used69; extract of the plant is taken as a diuretic14. ‘Muscle & joint rub’11, is a highly effective medicine for backache, muscular sprain and joint pain. ‘Dental Cream’11 is a formulated toothpaste that tightens and reduces swelling of gums, stops gum bleeding, prevents toothache, decay and controls bad breath. ‘Atharva Nirgundi Siddha Tail’134 is useful in arthritis, joint pain, relieves oedema. Thirty-five patents were found on its medicinal applications mainly for rheumatic arthritis135. Biologically synthesized green silver nano-particles from leaf extract of Vitex negundo L. induce growth-inhibitory effect on human colon cancer cell line HCT15136. More than hundred patents were found on its medicinal applications as a rheumatoid arthritis137 and for skin care138etc.