Note: The traditional knowledge examples given below are just an indicative/illustrative sample. Herbal practices similar to the ones given below may also have been received from other people from same/ different parts of the country.

Uses from NIF Database

Take the whole plant decoction orally - Kairange Buddhu, Vishakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh


Take the decoction (one cup) of plant orally twice a day for two to three days - Ramratan Chauhan, Shekhpur, Bihar

Gastric complaint

Take the plant juice (one cup) in the morning.- Jaiydhan Murm, Hazaribag, Jharkhand


Boil the whole plant powder in coconut oil and filter the oil. Apply the oil after cleaning of wound.- Amirdaraj Kaani, Tirunelveli, Tamil Nadu

Skin disease

Take one spoonful of the whole plant powder daily- Kousalya, Pudducherry

Skin disease

Apply the leaf juice topically - Arun Kumar Pandey, Fatehpur, Uttar Pradesh

Uses described in Literature

Decoction of the whole plant is given orally for fever26; hot aqueous extract is useful as anthelmintic27; infusion of the plant is externally applied to cure skin infections28 and orally given as febrifuge in malaria29. Livup capsules30 and Detox31 tablets are effective liver vitalizers and help in addressing liver complaints. Fourteen patents have been found on its medicinal applications like for treating osteoporosis32 and for hepatoprotective33 property.